A proposed coal mine in the Australian state of Queensland is the subject of litigation relating to its contribution to climate change risks. The case is brought by Youth Verdict, a group of indigenous and non-indigenous Australian young people. 

The case objects to the mining lease and environmental authorisations granted for the project, on the basis that it infringes on the human rights of the young people including their right to life, right to property, and the cultural rights of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Peoples. 

A challenge for public interest environmental litigation in Australia is establishing a proactive right or duty in relation to managing climate risks. The argument seeks to overcome this challenge, by relying on the relatively new Queensland Human Rights Act, to establish the right of the litigants to a sound environment.

If successful, the litigation will have implications in Queensland for other proposed fossil fuels projects, as well as implications for regulators which approve such projects.

This litigation highlights that the physical risks associated with climate change, such as property damage, bring associated litigation risks for companies and governments considered responsible for failing to mitigate or manage those physical risks.